Estado da arte da aplicação de ferramentas de otimização com base na avaliação do ciclo de vida na produção de frutos e subprodutos de citrino

Resumo

Atualmente, há um crescimento na demanda global por produtos cítricos e derivados, cujos requisitos incluem regulamentos de qualidade ambiental. Nesse sentido, a pegada ambiental do produto obtida a partir da metodologia de análise de ciclo de vida (ACV) e sua combinação com técnicas de otimização fornece uma ferramenta para identificar opções de melhoria no processo e definir os padrões de qualidade. no entanto, existem poucos estudos que aplicam a combinação de ambas as metodologias. O objetivo deste estudo é encontrar coincidências, diferenças e lacunas em artigos científicos existentes sobre a metodologia de ACV e sua aplicação para otimizar a produção de frutas cítricas e derivados. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão e seleção do material científico de acordo com as publicações que utilizaram a metodologia ACV, as técnicas de otimização e a combinação das duas metodologias. Em seguida, foram avaliados de acordo com as diretrizes da ISO 14040 e 14044, considerados produtos e função objetivo no caso de estudos de otimização. Nos resultados, observou-se a ausência dessas contribuições científicas para o setor agroindustrial cítrico na Argentina, alguns artigos não seguiram nenhuma diretriz sobre os requisitos das normas do produto (ISO 14025) e as variações metodológicas, geraram resultados diferentes, o que dificulta a comparação entre os estudos que aplicam a ACV, portanto, considera-se necessário que os trabalhos subsequentes sigam uma certa linha metodológica que permita sua comparação e, por sua vez, aumente a investigação da aplicação dessa ferramenta combinada com técnicas de otimização à agroindústria cítrica na Argentina

Biografia do Autor

Maria Emilia Iñigo Martinez, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires; Estación Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres, Tucumán

Ingeniero Químico

Becaria interna doctoral

ITA-NOA, unidad ejecutora de doble dependencia entre el Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas CONICET y la Estacion Experimental Agroindustrial Obispo Colombres (EEAOC).

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Publicado
03/06/2020
Como Citar
Iñigo MartinezM. E., & ArenaA. P. (2020). Estado da arte da aplicação de ferramentas de otimização com base na avaliação do ciclo de vida na produção de frutos e subprodutos de citrino. LALCA: Revista Latino-Americana Em Avaliação Do Ciclo De Vida, 4, e44715. https://doi.org/10.18225/lalca.v4i0.4715
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Artigos de Revisão